MATERIALS

Materials for every use case and condition

Materials for every use case and condition

Seal profile materials are designed and selected according to their intended use and operating conditions. V.A.V. Group makes its own silicone raw material mix for seal profiles, which allows us to have full control over the various properties of the profile, whether it is hardness, colour, or other special features.

The main materials used for profiles are silicone rubber, TPV (thermoplastic vulcanizate), and TPE (thermoplastic elastomer). These materials all have their own functional properties, with some overlap in potential use cases. Silicone rubber has the widest operating temperature range, and TPE and TPV profiles have excellent chemical resistance and both are well-suited for multi-component seals. Fire X is our self-extinguishing silicone profile that fits the European standards for rolling stock, the maritime industry, and others, and can also be used for doors and windows in other transport industries.

v.a.v group specializes in following materials:

V.A.V. GROUP FINDS SOLUTIONS TO
VARIOUS PROFILE NEEDS

In our collaboration with Honkarakenne, we had to consider many factors to provide the best possible profiles for log house construction. Read more about our collaboration.

SILICONE RUBBER

Silicone rubber is an excellent material for extreme temperatures and conditions.

Silicone rubber is an excellent material for demanding conditions. We can adapt its properties to fit various operating environments; the properties of silicone rubber include resistance to steam, pressure, moisture, chemicals and oils, UV and ozone, and electrical insulation. Silicone rubber has the best operating temperature range which makes it a perfect choice for transportation industries.

Silicone rubber is commonly used for insulation in many industries. We also manufacture non-stretch silicone profiles, foam silicone, and self-adhesive seals, all of which have their own special advantages.

TPE/TPV

TPE/TPV profiles cope well with different temperatures and are well-suited for multi-component seals.

V.A.V. Group offers customized profiles made from TPE and TPV, which show advantages typical of both rubbery and plastic materials.

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) are also known as thermoplastic rubbers. They are a class of copolymers or a physical mix of polymers – usually a plastic and a rubber – which consist of materials with both thermoplastic and elastomeric properties. TPE/TPV profiles cope well with different temperatures and are well-suited for multi-component seals and they have excellent chemical resistances. TPE can also be manufactured in various colours and in a combination of soft and hard grades. 

TPE and TPV profiles are useful in many industries. We also manufacture non-stretch TPE profiles, and self-adhesive seals, both of which have their own special advantages.

FIRE X

Fire X silicone or TPV is self-extinguishing and slows down the spread of fire in extreme conditions.

Fire X profiles have been developed for fire-rated applications such as fire doors, trains, and ships. They are used in conditions that require a high thermal resistance (< +270 °C) and where the seal must slow down the spread of fire in extreme conditions. 

The basic material used in Fire X is silicone or TPV with fire-retardant agents added to them. Its combustion gases are non-toxic.

Material table

Silicone Profiles

TPE/TPV Profiles

Fire X

Material

SiliconeTPE/TPVSelf-extinguishing silicone
Bio-TPETPV

Hardness

Shore A 10-8040 Shore A - 45 Shore DShore A 10-80

Color

Basic colorsBasic colorsBasic colors
RAL chartRAL chartLimited RAL
Metallic colorsMetallic colors

Operating temperature

-100 - +300 °C-40 - +120 °C< +270 °C

Diameter

0-70 mm0-55 mm0-70 mm (Silicone)
0-55 mm (TPE/TPV)

Certificates

EN45545-2:2020 requirements R22 & R23 for HL3
IMO FTPC Part 2 & 5 (Silicone)
UL 94 V Classification V0

Special properties

Heat-resistant silicone: up to +300 °C during short-term stress (7 days)High thermal resistance
Cold-resistant silicone: up to -100 °CFire-retardant
Fluorosilicone: resistant to various oils, solvents and other chemicals during sustained contact
Electrically conductive silicone: ESD and EMI applications and low voltage switch and sensor applications
Platinum vulcanized silicone

Optional properties

Stretch prevention cordStretch prevention cordStretch prevention cord
FoamingFoaming
1-component or 2-component1-component or 2-component
Fire-retardant
FDA-compliant food grade silicone
Chemical durability

News

PVC vs. TPE profiles

Two popular materials stand out for sealing solutions and profiles in building applications: polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and thermoplastic elastomers (TPE). Both materials have unique properties

Read More »

More news from our Newsroom.

DON'T HESITATE TO ASK US

New projects and environments bring new challenges and requirements, from environmental hazards to special soundproofing. Always do your research, but don’t hesitate to ask us for help. Our flexibility gives us the advantage to innovate and experiment with various further processing methods.